In July 2005, Bush received Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Washington, D.C. The two heads of state and government announced the success of the NSSP and other agreements that strengthened cooperation in the fields of nuclear, civil and high-tech civil trade. Other initiatives announced included the U.S.-India economic dialogue, HIV/AIDS, disaster relief, technological cooperation, a knowledge initiative for agriculture, a trade policy forum, an energy dialogue, a CEO forum and a reciprocity initiative to promote democracy and freedom.  President Bush delivered India in March 2006, during which the progress of these initiatives was reviewed and new initiatives were launched. The agreement was signed between the U.S. National Geospatial Intelligence Agency, which is part of the Ministry of Defense, and the Indian Ministry of Defense during the third 2-2 dialogue between the Ministers of Defense and Foreign Affairs of the two counties. NEW DELHI – India and the United States on Tuesday signed a fundamental agreement for exchange and cooperation for geographic cooperation, an important defense pact for the exchange of classified geographic data between their armed forces. India signed a defense agreement with the United States on Tuesday on the exchange of sensitive satellite data, with both sides conducting a security dialogue at the highest level to counter China`s growing influence in the Indo-Pacific region. India and the United States have negotiated the terms of the agreement for more than a decade, according to a mod official. In October 2018, India reached a landmark $5.43 billion agreement with Russia to procure four S-400 surface-to-surface missile defense systems, one of the world`s most powerful missile defense systems that ignores U.S. CAATSA law.  The United States also threatened India with sanctions because of India`s decision to buy oil from Iran.
 According to the President of the U.S.-India Strategic Partnership Forum (USISPF), Mukesh Aghi, “sanctions for decades to come would have disastrous consequences for U.S.-India relations. In India, the United States would again be considered unbelievable.  “Both ministers were pleased that the agreement was signed by BECA during the visit,” the ministry said in a statement. India, with mixed results, has insisted that reforms be undertaken at the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. India`s bid for a permanent seat on the UN Security Council is currently supported by several countries, including Russia, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Japan, Brazil, african union countries, the United States (but not China).